China has a population of 1.3 billion with a booming economy and a rich cultural history.  At the same time, China faces challenges related to the rule of law.  The criminal justice system is sometimes compromised by political interference and violations of due process of law and administrative agencies are subject to corruption and poor enforcement of regulations. Moreover, checks on the executive branch are very limited and the poor and oppressed are particularly vulnerable to oppression and abuse.  

China’s migrants are particularly vulnerable. China has the largest number of internal migrant workers in the world. Estimates are that well over 200 million immigrants from rural areas have flooded China’s cities in the quest for better employment opportunities in the past two decades.  This number will likely swell to over 500 million by 2020. Although this mass migration has helped fuel China’s remarkable economic growth, it has also spawned severe social and rule of law problems.